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Diabetic Nephropathy

 

Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive condition of kidney damage.

Causes

  • Chronic diabetes

Symptoms
Symptoms develop only in the later stages:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Edema or fluid retention causing swelling in the body
  • Proteinuria or loss of protein in urine
  • Foaming or frothing of urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Hiccups
  • Itching
  • Body pains
  • Fatigue

Treatment
This condition is irreversible but treatment is given to slow down the progression and prevent complications. It includes:

  • Medications to control high blood pressure, proteinuria and urinary tract infections
  • Monitoring and controlling blood sugar levels
  • Dialysis
  • Kidney transplant

Prevention

  • Controlling diabetes
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoiding urinary tract infections
  • Avoiding kidney infections