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Diabetes

 

It is a chronic condition where the sugar level in the blood is very high.

Causes

  • Destruction of insulin making cells in the pancreas
  • Insulin resistance
  • Insufficient insulin
  • Abnormal insulin
  • Certain virus
  • Heredity
  • Increasing age
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Certain medicines
  • Pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
  • Diseases that damage the pancreas and affect its ability to produce insulin e.g. pancreatitis.

Symptoms

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme hunger or loss of appetite
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Increased fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Cuts or sores that are slow to heal
  • Itchy skin, yeast infections
  • Painful limbs

Treatment

  • Weight reduction
  • Exercise
  • Controlled diet
  • Oral medication
  • Insulin

Prevention

  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing fat and calorie intake
  • Losing extra weight