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Dandruff

 

Dandruff is excessive shedding and flaking of dead skin from the scalp.

Causes

  • Fungus called malassezia found on the scalp
  • Dry skin
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Reaction to certain hair care products
  • Lack of hygiene or infrequent shampooing
  • Excessive stress

Symptoms

  • White or pale yellow flakes on the scalp
  • Itchiness of the scalp
  • Increased hairfall
  • Increased oiliness of the scalp

Treatment

  • Increased shampooing of the hair
  • Medicated dandruff shampoo

Prevention

  • Maintaining adequate hygiene
  • Avoiding harsh hair products
  • Brushing or combing the hair to improve circulation
  • Avoiding stress