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Constipation

 

Constipation is a digestive disorder causing difficulty in defecating.

Causes

  • Lack of fiber in diet
  • Lack of fluid intake
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Certain medications
  • Pregnancy
  • Age
  • Overuse of laxatives
  • Suppressing the urge to defecate
  • Certain health conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, stroke, hypothyroidism, colon cancer, etc
  • Blockage in the intestine or rectum

Symptoms

  • Dry and hard stool
  • Difficulty and pain while defecating
  • Infrequent urge to defecate
  • Incomplete evacuation
  • Bloating
  • Tenderness
  • Cramps
  • Nausea or vomiting

Treatment

  • Change in diet: Increasing fiber and fluid intake can help in curing constipation
  • Laxatives
  • Enemas
  • Correction of underlying health condition causing constipation
  • Surgery

Prevention

  • Choosing high fiber foods
  • Avoiding low fiber foods like sugars and high fat foods
  • Drinking adequate liquids
  • Being physically active and exercising