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Conjunctivitis

 

Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye called conjunctiva.

Causes

  • Virus
  • Bacteria
  • Allergy
  • Irritants
  • Contact with an infected person

Symptoms

  • Redness
  • Watering
  • Irritation
  • Itchiness
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Clear or thick, crusty discharge
  • Sensitivity to bright light

Treatment
Mostly, the infection clears up within a week without treatment. In case of severe infection or discomfort treatment depends on the particular cause and may include:

  • Artificial tears
  • Non steroidal anti inflammatory medication
  • Antihistamines
  • Corticosteroid eye drops
  • Antibiotic eye drops or ointments

Prevention

  • Avoid contact with infected people or things contaminated with the infected eye discharge
  • Avoid sharing personal things with an infected person
  • Wash hands thoroughly and frequently