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Congestive Heart Failure

 

Congestive heart failure is a condition where heart is unable to supply sufficient amount of blood to the body.

Causes

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Myocardial infarction or heart attack
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Heart valve defects
  • Disorders of the heart rhythm
  • Infection of the heart muscle
  • Excessive and prolonged consumption of alcohol
  • Diabetes

Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Swelling of the ankles or abdomen
  • Weight gain due to water retention
  • Cough
  • Fatigue

Treatment
Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the condition. It includes:

  • Medications to treat underlying conditions and symptoms
  • Pacemaker
  • Angioplasty
  • Bypass surgery

Prevention

  • Control blood pressure
  • Control diabetes
  • Control cholesterol
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a low salt diet
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Exercise regularly