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Colon Polyps

 

Colon polyps are cell over growths on the inside of the colon or large intestine.

Causes
Causes are not clear but the risk factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Age over 40
  • Heredity
  • Obesity
  • Diet high on fat

Symptoms
Symptoms are not present most of the times. When present they include:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloody stools
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain

Treatment
Treatment consists of removal of polyps as there is a risk of them turning malignant.removal can be done by:

  • Polypectomy: This includes snaring the overgrowths with help of a wire loop which cuts and cauterizes through electric current at the same time to prevent bleeding.
  • Surgery: This is required in case of large polyps or when polyps cannot be reached safely. It can be done by open or laparoscopic methods.

Prevention

  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Avoid smoking
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight