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Cerebrovascular Insufficiency

 

Cerebrovascular insufficiency is a condition of decreased blood supply to the brain.

Causes

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Narrowing or blockage of arteries going to the brain
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes

Symptoms
Cerebrovascular insufficiency may be asymptomatic for a long time. Symptoms may include:

  • Stroke
  • Paralysis or weakness on one side of the body
  • Difficulty in speech
  • Lack of balance and coordination
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment

  • Medication to thin the blood
  • Angioplasty to unblock the artery with help of a balloon
  • Surgery to remove the blockage or reroute the blood supply to bypass the blockage

Prevention

  • Avoid smoking
  • Maintain healthy blood pressure
  • Eat a balanced and low fat diet
  • Exercise regularly