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Cerebral Palsy

 

Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders that develop in children during pregnancy or childbirth or in early childhood.

Causes

  • Infections such as rubella, toxoplasmosis or viral infections in pregnant women
  • Certain health conditions such as diabetes, thyroid malfunction etc in pregnant women
  • Problems related to placenta
  • Abnormal position of the child prior to birth
  • Lack of oxygen supply to the fetus
  • Premature birth
  • Brain injury to the child during birth
  • Infection affecting the brain soon after birth

Symptoms

  • Abnormal reflexes
  • Abnormal body postures
  • Lack of coordination and motor development
  • Stiff muscles or joints
  • Spasms
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Involuntary movements
  • Difficulty in balance and walking
  • Seizures
  • Speech problems
  • Learning disability
  • Mental retardation

Treatment
There is no cure for cerebral palsy but treatment can be given to control the symptoms. It amy include:

  • Physical and occupational therapy to improve coordination and motor skills
  • Braces and orthotic devices to aid movement and balance
  • Speech therapy and communication aids to improve understanding and delivery of speech
  • Medication  to relax muscles, control seizures and relieve pain
  • Surgery to release stiff muscles and joints or other abnormalities