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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

 

Carbon monoxide poisoning is a result of inhaling excessive carbon monoxide which reduces the ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

Causes

  • Vehicle exhausts
  • Non electrical heaters
  • Burning charcoal
  • Choked chimneys and vents
  • Burning any fuel in an unventilated area

Symptoms

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dry cough
  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  •  Memory loss
  • Lack of coordination
  • Depression

Treatment

  • 100% oxygen therapy: In this method, oxygen is inhaled through a tight fitting mask.
  • Hyperbaric oxygen: In this method, the patient is kept in a chamber where oxygen is delivered under high pressure.

Prevention

  • Installing carbon monoxide detectors in homes
  • Keeping the chimneys and vents clean and in proper order
  • Regularly inspecting and keeping all non electrical heating and cooking gadgets in proper working condition
  • Not burning any kind of fuels inside a confined and unventilated area
  • Avoid vehicle exhaust fumes