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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

 

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental condition causing inability to control emotions.

Causes
Causes are not very clear but some possibilities are:

  • Genetics
  • Difficult childhood
  • Neglect or separation
  • Highly sensitive temperament

Symptoms

  • Unstable moods
  • Intense emotions
  • Impulsiveness
  • Depression
  • High sensitivity to rejection
  • Difficulty in managing interpersonal relationships
  • Poor self image
  • Suicidal thoughts and behavior
  • Substance abuse
  • Risky behavior
  • Dependency and fear of loneliness

Treatment

  • Psychotherapy is the most widely used treatment and includes group or individual therapy.
  • Medication is sometimes used to manage symptoms such as anxiety and depression.
  • Hospitalization is required in severe cases where constant monitoring may be needed and there is threat of self injury.