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Boil

 

A boil is a tiny round swelling on the skin filled with pus.

Causes

  • Hair follicle infection by a bacteria called staphylococcus aureus
  • Cuts in the skin
  • Overscratching
  • Diabetes
  • Immune system disorders
  • Poor personal hygiene

Symptoms

  • Pink or red elevation in the skin which may gradually increase in size
  • Pain and pus in the elevation
  • Redness and swelling around the elevation
  • Yellow-white tip on the elevation that ruptures and bursts in a few days
  • Sometimes, fever

Treatment
Boils usually heal on their own. Following tips can fasten the healing:

  • Warm compresses
  • Soaking the affected area in warm water
  • Keeping the area clean
  • Medicate and bandage after the boil drains

In case of severe infection, incision and draining of the boil may be required alongwith antibiotics.

Prevention

  • Maintaining personal hygiene
  • Keeping cuts and wounds clean
  • Avoiding very tight clothes
  • Avoiding vigorous scratching