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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia or benign enlargement of the prostate is an increase in size of the prostate gland in men which is non cancerous.

Causes
Causes are not clear but old age is an important factor.

Symptoms

  • Interrupted or weak urination
  • Incomplete urination
  • Increased frequency and urgency of urination
  • Nocturia
  • Post urination dribble
  • Painful urination
  • Incontinence

Treatment
BPH which is asymptomatic does not require treatment. In case of symptoms treatment includes:

  • Medications: Minor cases can be resolved through medication to control the enlargement.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, especially when there is complete obstruction of urine, surgery may be required to remove a part of the prostate to open the blockage. It can be done as minimally invasive or open surgery.
  • Other treatments: Some other treatments like microwave therapy, laser therapy and transurethral needle ablation can be used to reduce the size of the prostate.