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Bed Sores

 

Decubitus ulcers or bed sores, also known as pressure ulcers are ulcers formed on the skin, especially areas over bony parts.

Causes

  • Prolonged pressure on the particular part of the body
  •  Inability to change positions
  • Persistent moisture
  • Prolonged exposure to cold
  • Friction

Symptoms

  • Red patch on the skin which turns purple
  • Swelling or blistering
  • Skin breakdown or open sore
  • Oozing
  • Crater like ulcer going deep into the skin

Treatment

  • Removing pressure from affected area
  • Keeping the wound clean and dry
  • Antibiotics
  • Surgical removal of dead tissue
  • Sometimes, amputation

Prevention

  • Change positions atleast every two hours
  • Keep the skin clean and dry
  • Avoid vigorous rubbing of skin
  • Bed clothes should be clean and without wrinkles
  • Eat a well balanced diet to heal wounds fast
  • Lift a patient rather than pulling
  • Keep  pillows under the calves and between the knees to avoid friction