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Basal Cell Carcinoma

 

Basal cell carcinoma is a skin cancer that affects the basal cells which are present in the deepest layer of the skin.
Causes

  • Genetic
  • Ultraviolet rays
  • Radiation
  • Immunosuppressant drugs taken generally after organ transplant
  • Exposure to toxins like arsenic

Symptoms

  • A small tumor that enlarges, crusts and bleeds
  • An open sore that oozes, bleeds and does not get healed
  • A patch of reddish rash that may itch or pain
  • A smooth, shiny and translucent bump in the skin
  • Flat or slightly depressed sore
  • Scar like sore without apparent injury

Treatment
Treatment varies from patient to patient. It includes:

  • Radiation therapy: It may help in cases where surgery cannot be done for some reason.
  • Chemotherapy: Some superficial cancers may get cured or reduced through this procedure.
  • Surgery: It includes Moh’s surgery where tumor is excised and checked under microscope to make sure that it has been excised with enough margins of healthy tissue to remove the infected cells entirely.
  • Electrodessication and curettage: The cancer is burnt and removed with a sharp instrument.
  • Cryosurgery: It involves destroying the cancer by freezing it.

Prevention

  • Apply a high SPF sunscreen regularly
  • Avoid stepping out when the sun is extremely hot