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Atopic Dermatitis

 

Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic skin disease causing inflammation.

Causes
The causes are not known but some factors which may be responsible are:

  • Sensitive immune system
  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors such as exposure to irritants, dry weather etc. 
  • Stress

Symptoms

  • Increased sensitivity of skin to irritants and allergens
  •  Redness
  • Itchiness
  • Flakiness
  • Inflammation
  • Dryness
  • Cracks
  • Crusting

Treatment

  • Avoiding allergens
  • Intensive moisturization
  • Topical medication
  • Injections
  • Antibiotics in case of infection

Prevention

  • Avoiding harsh soaps
  • Avoiding allergens
  • Avoiding dry weather
  • Avoiding vigorous rubbing and scratching
  • Regular moisturization of the skin