Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic and degenerative form of arthritis affecting the spine and the joints joining the spine to the pelvis, causing fusion and rigidity of the spine.
The causes are yet not clear though genetics plays an important role in causing it.
- Chronic swelling, stiffness and pain of the lower spine
- Pain worse in the morning or after sitting for prolonged period of time
- Pain in the neck, shoulders, ribs, hips, knees, elbows and other related joints
- Eye pain
- Vision problems
- Increased sensitivity to light
- Mouth ulcers
There is no cure for ankylosing spondylitis but treatment is given to provide relief from the symptoms. It may include:
- Medications: Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs are often used to reduce pain.
- Injections: Sometimes corticosteroid injections may be given at the affected area.
- Physical therapy and exercise: Physiotherapy and exercises help in maintaining flexibility and strength of the spine.
- Surgery: In sever cases, surgery may be required to correct or replace the affected joints.