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Agoraphobia

 

Agoraphobia is a fear of having a panic attack in places or situations where it is difficult to escape.

Causes
Agoraphobia can be a result of a combination of various factors:

  • Stressful life experiences
  • Anxious or nervous temperament
  • Oversensitivity
  • Substance abuse
  • Genetics

Symptoms

  • Fear of being away from home
  • Fear of travelling
  • Fear of being in unfamiliar areas or situations
  • Fear of getting embarrassed in public
  • Overdependence on other people
  • Anxiety in crowded places

Treatment

  • Medication: Anti depressant and anti anxiety medicines may be used sometimes to help the patient cope with symptoms.
  • Psychotherapy: This includes making the patient understand the problem and find solutions for it. It may include exposing the patient to particular stressful situations till the fear for them is overcome.
  • Counseling: Counseling the patient about the irrational fears and encouraging positive thoughts can also help tackle agoraphobia.

  
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