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Acute Pancreatitis

 

Acute pancreatitis is the sudden inflammation of the pancreas which plays an important role in digestion.

Causes
Main causes:

  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Gallstones

Other causes:

  • Certain medications
  • Trauma
  • Damage to pancreas during surgery
  • Heredity
  • Mumps

Symptoms

  • Pain in the upper abdomen which may move to the back or other areas
  • Sudden and intense pain
  • Mild and constant pain which increases on consumption of food
  • Swelling and tenderness in the abdomen
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Fever
  • Increased pulse rate

Treatment

  • Hospital stay: Treatment includes hospital stay to replace fluids intravenously, even for mild pancreatitis.
  • Medication: Analgesics may be given to relieve pain. In case of infection, antibiotics may be required.
  • Surgery: Surgery is sometimes required to remove the gall bladder stones or any damaged tissue on the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic enzyme supplement tablets: These tablets may be recommended with meals to help digest food.
 

  
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