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Acromegaly

 

Acromegaly is a disorder resulting from excessive production of growth hormone in the body.

Causes

  • Adenoma ( a benign tumor on the pituitary gland)
  • Rarely, tumors of the pancreas, lungs or adrenal glands

Symptoms

  • Increase in size of hands, feet, nose, lips and tongue
  • Enlarged jaw
  • Enlarged forehead
  • Bone and cartilage overgrowth in joints
  • Arthritis
  • Thickening and coarsening of skin
  • Deepening of voice
  • Increased perspiration
  • Enlarge heart and other body organs
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Headaches
  • Vision problems
  • Fatigue
  • Impotence
  • Irregular periods

Treatment

Surgery: It is used to remove most pituitary tumors.
  • Drug therapy: If surgery is unsuccessful, then medication is used to lower or block the production of growth hormones.
  • Radiation therapy: If the above treatments fail, radiation therapy is used to destroy the tumor cells and reduce the growth hormone production.
 

  
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