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Acidity

 

When the gastric glands of the stomach produce more acid than is required to digest the food, it causes acidity.

Causes

  • Fatty and spicy foods
  • Excessive caffeine intake
  • Large gaps between meals
  • Eating hurriedly without chewing properly
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Certain drugs

Symptoms

  • Dyspepsia (burning or an aching pain in the upper abdomen)
  • Heartburn (burning pain in the chest)
  • Erosion of stomach lining
  • Ulcers

Treatment

  • Mild acidity can be treated by avoiding the factors causing it. Medication like antacids can also help in relieving the symptoms. H2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors cause stomach to produce less acid.
  • Incase of ulcers, long term therapy may be required.
  • Surgical methods like vagotomy can also be used in severe cases of acidity.

Prevention

Avoiding triggers and modifying lifestyle and eating habits can help prevent acidity.
 

  
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